Summary of Scope & Project Definition

This weekly upload is going to be a study blog, written to help me revise my course, Project Management BSc. Hopefully, it will also create a good overview for anyone else looking to study the same thing.

According to the APMBoK 6th edition, “Scope comprises the totality of the outputs, outcomes and benefits and the work required to produce them”. Simply put, the scope is the entirety of a project, from the beginning to the end of project, what it comprises of and the benefits realised after its completion.

Scope management is the process that is used to control the outputs and outcomes and identify the benefits. “Scope management is the process whereby outputs, outcomes and benefits are identified, defined and controlled (APMBoK 6th)”  

Without scope management, a project is at risk of scope creep, whereby the project exceeds its intended criteria and therefore increasing in cost, time, disputes, quality, etc. and can ultimately cause the project to fail. 

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Instagram -@huntersparkdesign

There are 6 steps to defining a project: 

  1. Requirement management – this involves assessing, capturing and documenting the needs and objectives that are required by the stakeholders.
  2. Defining the project scope – to do this you need to confirm the key aspects of the project, such as, project objectives, deliverables, milestones, technical requirements, limits and exclusions and reviews with customer.
  3. Determining the Priorities – essentially you will need to establish what areas within the project are critical and which can be compromised if necessary. E.G. time, cost or quality. These priorities should be made clear within the development phase but can change throughout the life cycle. 
  4. Create a Work Breakdown Structure – a WBS is a hierarchical outline (map) that identifies the work elements involved in a project. This is a helpful way to plan a project because you can use it to break down the scope. It also helps manage plan, schedule, and budget as well as defines communication channels and assists in coordinating the various project elements.The lowest level in the WBS is the work packages.
  5. Integrating the WBS with the Organisation – You can use an Organisational Breakdown Structure (OBS) to do this. An OBS shows how an organisation is going to manage its work responsibility within the project.
  6. Coding the WBS for the Information System – this highlights the levels and organisational levels of the WBS, it’s work packages, and budget and cost elements.

 

The Responsibility Matrix

Using the WBS and OBS you can construct a Responsibility Matrix, RAM. A RAM is used to allocate the work packages to people, organisations or 3rd parties. A RAM can include information such as who is responsible, should be consulted or informed about certain tasks.

https://www.apm.org.uk/body-of-knowledge/delivery/integrative-management/organisation/

Thank you to the continued support on this blog series 🙂

 

Project Planning

This weekly upload is going to be a study blog, written to help me revise my course, Project Management BSc. Hopefully, it will also create a good overview for anyone else looking to study the same thing.

Tuesday 1st October – After our first two weeks at university which was 5 days a week, we finished the first module and completed an exam in Network Diagrams, which I have uploaded a sample for on my Project Management page. Now, we attend classes 1 day a week which is split into 2 halves, before lunch we study The Business Environment and the second half we learn about Planning and Control. I found that both topics, this week, connect and have compiled what I have revised from the lessons into 1 fact-sheet for this week.

An Introduction in Project Planning

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A link to personal experience (my trip to America) – What would an outline for the business Case look like for the San Francisco Golden Gate Bridge look like? This is a question I will answer in my next post, so stay tuned!!

Why Do We Plan?

  1. To evaluate options for delivering the project
  2. To obtain commitment
  3. To facilitate effective communication
  4. To provide the basis for effective project monitoring and control
  5. To prepare for the unexpected
  6. To respond to compulsory requirements

Strategic planning is a big part of the concept phase, during this phase, the viability of a project is determined, and the preferred solution is highlighted. Moving on to the definition phase and the strategic plans become more detailed, where elements such as budgets, schedules and resources are confirmed.

Characteristics of Good Planning (APM 2008):

  1. Plan is owned by Project Manager and team.
  2. Plan is agreed by sponsor / approved at gate review.
  3. Sufficiently answers the planning questions to satisfy the organisation that it should continue the project.
  4. Provides the basis for a successful proposal in a tender process.
  5. Provides the basis for successful management of project implementation

The Business Case

The business case is a type of plan that lays out the main reasons for undertaking a program/project, it assesses all other options and gives evidence as to why the proposed solution is the best. It also outlines all other expectations hoped to be achieved by the completion of the project, the risks and costs that need to be considered.

It outlines the value of the work needed and its main purpose is to gain funding and assurance from the organisation.

The business case is typically started before the start of the project life-cycle and is progressively defined throughout the concept and definition phase.

If There Are Multiple Investment Options -How do you Choose?

Usually, the organisations vision for the future will influence their decision. Strategic investments can be encouraged by competitors within their industry, therefore making it necessary to invest to keep up or it is needed to keep their business aligned with their business strategy.

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Photo by Ivan Bertolazzi on Pexels.com

network diagram2

You can use a Network Diagram to help define your Plan in the Definition Phase, See Previous Post for more information on a Project Life Cycle 🙂

Denial

Weekend Writing Prompt #105 – https://sammiscribbles.wordpress.com/category/weekend-writing-prompt/

A word prompt to get your creativity flowing this weekend.  How you use the prompt is up to you.  Write a piece of flash fiction, a poem, a chapter for your novel…anything you like.  Or take the challenge below – there are no prizes – it’s not a competition but rather a fun writing exercise.  If you want to share what you come up with, please leave a link to it in the comments.

Word Prompt

Denial

Challenge

The challenge is simple: each week you will be given an exact number of words you can use to write a poem or piece of prose.  You can use any format or style you like; go wherever your inspiration takes you.  The only rules are these:

  • your poem / prose must contain this week’s word.  The word does not have to count towards the exact word count total – it can be in the title, or the first letters of the lines of a poem can spell it out – you can be as creative as you want as long as it’s there somewhere.
  • the length of your poem / prose must match the number of words stated in this week’s challenge.  No more.  No less.

Can’t wait to read what you have come up with!


No more messages,
you sit there and cry,
he pushes you aside
And he doesn’t reply.

He remembers the love,
It’s me he’s forgotten

You love him,
what more can you do?
Than just tell yourself,
y
ou can only be you.

We loved each other so much,
h
ow could he have forgotten?

You look at her,
t
hem both together.
H
e has moved on
because love isn’t forever.

Don’t call this denial.
It’s love, that he’s simply forgotten.